Sustainable Farming

True green revolution


Living an organic life is the trend now. People love to spend a little extra on organic food products.


So lets see how one can start a business plan around it. Lets see how integrated farm works


Mix all possible animals and plants in the farm of at least 6 acres


1. Chicken –  Country chicken and broiler :    produces – Eggs , Chicks , Chicken , Brooders , Manure, male+female, egg shell powder


Feed 5% papaya leaves for better growth


Wine in water will enable them to eat more. 


2. Ducks/Swans : Khaki Campbell – Khaki campbell is recommended for integration duck-fish. As they are prolific layers they can be reared economically. These ducks start laying eggs when they are 3 months old. The annual average egg production is about 300 eggs or more.      duck, duckling, egg, manure, male+female, shuttlecocks


White pekin ducks for eggs


Duck eggs if not eaten can be used as manure for tomatoes


3. Goats/Sheeps  –  Meat, Manure, milk, male+female, Urine medicines 


4. Cows       Cows(Male+female), Manure, Milk, Ghee, Curd, Cream, Butter, Ice Creams, Sweets, Khoya, cow dung fibre boards, 


Use sugarcane trash and green grass as cow feed


5. Prawns  –    Cultivate in tanks or a small pond      Prawns, Brooder tanks, Female prawn gravid


6. Rabbits – Try using rabbit manure for a quick easy N-boost in the soil!   rabbit, fur, leather, meat, male+female


Feed papaya leaf carefully


7. Fish – Fish, Seeds –  avoid mixing prawns in the fish pond, cultivate them in tanks rather


Fish waste can be used as mannure, fish meal


Spinach + Garlic + small amount of corn floor


Earthworms


papaya leaf


Cow dung ash


Plant taro side by fish ponds


40% water hyacinth leaves dried crushed cooled


20% moringa is good


 50 per cent moringa (M) with 50 percent sunflower seed cake (SSC) proved the most nutritious, giving better results than using soybean meal alone.


Come up with the best formulation



8. Honey Farming with sun flower plantation, toor dal plants, lablab plants, etc


If you have a big farm, you can go for


9. Some dogs      farm and animal waste can be feed for these

10. Horses

11. Pigs

12. Cats               farm and animal waste can be feed for them

13. Tortle, Quail



14. Pigeons in-house   Risky as they might bring flu from outside





Plants:


1. Rose Cuttings  (Sell flowers and rose plants, rose seeds) and other flowers

2. Grape bush (Can spread on top of cattle shed)

3. Chili or Capsicum around the pond

4. Areca trees (Gua)

5. Toor dal plants

6. Coffee plant

7. Castor plants (eri silkworm can eat its leaves) oil cake is a very good manure

8. Cashew nut trees

9. Ginger, garlic and Haldi under areca plants

10. Lemon tree

11. Tomatoes

12. Papaya – leaves can boost chicken growth, fruit and leaves improve cow milk

13. Sapota

14. Bottle guard

15. Vegetables

16. Grow Mushrooms from Cow Dung, straw and sawdust

17. Guava tree

18. Mango tree – cow shelter and prawn tanks/ponds under the tree, earthworm beds, hang honey hives

19. Teak and other furniture purpose trees

20. Grow animal safe plants in pots with pot mix

21. Neem plant for products and insecticides, chicken feed, goat feed, Neem liquid spray in the farm

22. Aloe vera plants

23. Tulsi plants

24. Lablab

25. Avocado

26. Drumstick plant – cattle’s weight gain up to 32% and increases milk production 43-65%, should be used like papaya

27. Curry leaf plants  –  hair oil, Masalas

28. Root and sweet potatos

29. Jack fruit trees

30. Beans plants

31. Mint leafs can be grown out

32. Taro (Saru)

33. Banana trees

34. Maize 

35. Sugarcane

36. Mustard greens, Spinach, Onion, Garlic

37. Bonsai Plant Making



Other activities that can be handled in the farm


1. Brick making : Mix cow dung, cow dung ash, mud     Tile making, stone chips making

2. Ayurveda plants and herbs

3. Bi-Products like agarvati, soaps, cleanshers, rabbit and sheep wool, feather products, leather etc

4. Produce Cattle feed, Fish feed, Goat feed, Chicken feed + hydroponic retail store

5. Sell Mating animals

6. Sell day old chicks

7. Sell organic seeds, organic manure and vermi compost

8. Sell mini coops and coops with animals

9. Consulting and training

10. Sell vegetable

11. Sell flowers

12. Sell eggs, meat, live stock

13. Sell milk products like ghee, sweets, yogurt,

14. Establish an outlet with farm food and a restaurant with special menu

15. Take food orders for parties and functions

16. Sell Saplings and small plants

17. Fish seeds

18. Prawn seeds

19. Egg cakes, Egg biscuits, Ghee biscuits  (Egg burger, Egg Pizza, Egg Crust, Egg Rice, Egg rotis, Egg cakes, Egg umlet, )

20.  Gobar Gas

21. Honeybee hive kit, Honey

22. Provide agriculture research and training

23. Shuttlecock preparation from Duck feather for high quality and from hen feather for low quality   –   https://www.nabard.org/english/animal_poultry_prod8.aspx


Grow ducks in more quantities and then get the people who can be trained for cock production. Take fees for training and send them to live production units to understand the process.


24. Duck feather pillow

25. Duck feather jacket

26. Duck feather blanket/duvet

27. Chicken feather can be used for 

  • Pillow stuffing
  • Diapers
  • Insulation
  • Upholstery padding
  • Paper
  • Plastics
  • Feather meal

28. Chicken feather as fertilizer – feather meal fertilizer is good for corn and beans 1/3 cup per plant

29. Rabbit, Goat and Sheep leather bags, gloves, jackets, purse, shoes, raw leather

30. Coocked Chicken intestine waste as chicken and fish food

31. Fish waste fertilizer

32. Ask people to grow flowers and sell to us. trade soil, seeds, plants, manure, pesticides, spray bottles

33. Ask people to grow animals. They can sell to us or they can directly sell to others.

34. Selling Cows

  • Cow hair from ear and tail can be used for brushes
  • Cow leather can be used to produce foot balls, base balls, etc
  • Use urine as pesticide
  • It is better to purchase the animals during the months of October and November.
  • http://www.icargoa.res.in/dss/cow.html
  • Pachgavya liquid sprayer for plants
  • Dung ash brick additive

35. Start a small flour mill to process fodder, big can be started for large market

36. Food inside the farm for workers at subsidised price

37. Fruit pulp processing

38. frozen chicken

39. Pesticide production using cow urine

40. Start a chain of super market for the products you produce and collect from local as well

41. ground nuts and cashew Nuts processing

42. Fish hatchery

43. Spice processing

44. Farm house consulting/ Farm design at home consulting/ Farm setup consulting

45. Certified organic food producer

46. Soil testing lab

47. Dal production

48. Ginger garlic paste

49. oil mill

50. Jaggery

51. Irrigation system setup

52. Cold storage

53. Onion paste

54. Pickles making

55. Rice bran oil

56. Jute processing

57. Seed production and processing

58. air fresheners and perfumes

59. Fencing services

60. small farm setups

61. bird related items http://www.efowl.com/Kuhl_Laying_Nest_Products_s/549.htm

62. Rent chicken grown space

63. Plant Indian blackberry plants

64. Animal breeding services

65. Grow pomegranate plants

66. Sell seeds and seedlings

67. Body Care products

68. Panchagavya liquid spray for plants

69. Earthworm farming for chicken and fish feed

70. Termite farming for chicken feed

71. Sell Mushrooms, growing kit, training

72. Fishing activity

73. Produce Farming Tools shop

74. Organising a farmers market

75. Sell seeds over internet – processed with panchagavya

76. sell feed pellets for the animals, children can feed to animals

77. start a petting shop – breed and trade pets

78. classes or workshops on farming or making different kinds of products like meats, cheeses, or other foods

79. Training and job offer to local people

80. allow people to grow for your huge requirements

81. Open the farm visit on Sundays for a small money

82. Arrange lunch for teams on request

83. Plan to launch a new product like ready coffee mix with three flavours, cow/goat milk powder

84. Get the best vegetables and fruits possible to propagate

85. Seeds must be processed with slurry for better germination

86. Filtered cow dung residue can be used for panchagavya

87. Chicken feed http://en.engormix.com/MA-poultry-industry/nutrition/articles/effects-neem-azadirachta-indica-t2534/141-p0.htm  Neem (Azadirachta Indica) and Pawpaw (Carica papaya) Leaves Supplementation. Turmeric is also very good 

88. Aloe vera juice is good for milch cows only, not good for pregnant cows – 5ml a day

89. Grow plants on top of the pond with stands or floating islands

90. Use cow dung to prepare smoked paneer, mushroom, bamboo ch/mu, leaf ch, others

91. Solar power generation for water pumps and boilers, milking the cows, etc

92. Food waste from hotel can be fed to chicken and remaining bones can be used for bone meal

93. Natural water filters using sand and charcoal

94. Basmati Rice, Barley and Wheat plantation on the drain from cattle shed till the pond. Flowers and sugarcane on these shores. This cleaning can be automated with solar pumps. The waste water from fish pond can be flushed in the cow shed which will be filtered by the plants and then by the sand and chips and sent back to the pond.

95. Wooden containers to grow paddy on pond water

96. Furniture making: Employ people to make them

97. Moong dal and urad dal must be planted on empty lands. Ground nuts and sesame can also be planned

98. Rabbit urine fertiliser



Expansion ideas


1. Lease land from land owners and cultivate food

2. Look for new markets and export markets

3. Establish new units in other areas

4. Establish a research lab

5. Look for foreign investment

6. Affiliate more units


Food waste processing


1. Cattle food waste should be provided to chicken

2. Once chicken is done with its findings, the food waste should be moved inside bio gas plant

3. Bio gas waste must be composted and then can be used for plants or for vermi compost

4. Chicken waste and intestine must be cooked well and fed to fish and chicken

5. Earth worms and termites can be a food for chicken and ducks


 use the slurry directly on permanent crops like fodder grass, trees


pump the slurry to ponds directly during sunny days


Use bio slurry for mushroom cultivation in dry form


water lily is a good food for ducks

water lily flower powder is good for mushrooms with cow dung and paddy straw



Usefulness of cow

1. The best Oil (Ghee) to cook our food in.
2. Milk – the most nutritious drink.
3.  Manure for farming. Chemical pesticides kill the earthworms while manure does not.
4. Its urine is the best pesticide.

5. Cow dung can be used for bricks
6. And above all … cow-dung…  dried or otherwise as fuel to cook our food. – See more at: http://www.pluginindia.com/blogs/biogas-never-ending-source-of-fuel-electricity-fertilizer#sthash.xcgWW7MJ.dpuf

Termite farming to Feed Fish and Chickens

  1. Take a pot with a short neck that can hold 10 litres of water.
  2. Fill it up with cow dung and straw and sprinkle it all with a little water.
  3. Set the pot upside down with the opening on the soil.
  4. After one day and one night, the pot will be full of termite.
  5. Empty the termites from the pot where the birds can feed on them.

Farmers fill a mud pot with old jute sacks, paddy straw, maize husk or any available dried crop stubble and dried cow dung. This has to be moistened with water and the pot placed upside down in the field.

If the inverted pot is opened the next day it will be full of termites and can be given as feed for the birds.

Termites eat up on the compost. So you must start a termite farm to keep them away from composting.




Grow mealworm for chickens

In Southeast Asia, it is very common to hang fluorescent lights above fish ponds. The light attracts the insects, which because of its reflection in the water, fall into the pond where they are eaten by fish.

Farm spraying and fire blowing


1. Neem and Karanja oil spray

2. Cow Urine spray

3. Panchagavya spray

4. Onion, Garlic spray – reduces chicken lice

5. Papaya leaf spray – Target pests: Leafy caterpillars,Coffee rust,Leaf rust,Mosaic virus and Powdery mildew

6. Fire blow using bio gas

7. Dudura leaf spray

8. Eucaliptas spray

9. Guduchi Spray

10. Tulsi water spray

11. Arka leaf juice spray

12. Nirgundi Spray

13. Cow dung ash spray monthly




Cakes to mix in the soil

1. Castor cake

2. Neem powder

3. Karela powder

4. Egg shell powder

5. Fish meal

6. Bone meal

7. Gilloy powder

8. Chaturangi leaf powder

9. Eucaliptas powder


Don’t wet the leaves while watering.



Land planning:


10 cents of land for 1000 local hens


5 cents for broiler chicken  + 5 cents on the pond


15 cents for 100 Khaki Campbell ducks


10 cents for 10 cows with calves


30 cents for 60 goats


5 cents for rabbit


Total 75 cents  100 cents will make it comfortable





50 cents for prawns


150 cents for fish


100 cents for vegetables


200 cents for grass



Chicken local:


Use a blow lamp to clean coop


1. Start with 100 chicken – 20 Cocks  –  (Cost: 120*350=42,000)  –  2 cycles – 10 per chicken


2. Plan for 500 chicks each in 2 phases – out of which 400 will survive in each phase


3. Sell the older chicken every six months (400 x 150 = 60,000 ~ 1,20,000 a year for one cycle x 2 phases ~ 2,40,000)


4. Cocks and roosters must be maintained for two cycles only. Then sell them as well.


5. Plan 15 chicks per each rooster out of which count 10 survivals


6. Separate each of them properly so they are safe


7. Personal care for each herd after the chicks arise


8. A separate space for egg hatching with proper facilities like water, food grains and some privacy


9. Remove the fighting chickens on a regular basis


10. Take care of the health for each of them



Chicken Broiler:


1. At least 1000 (1000 sft) chicks must be grown @ every two months  5 cycles

http://agrifarming.in/poultry-project-report


~ 2,60,000 np


Goats; 100 + 10

http://articles.extension.org/pages/19720/goat-reproduction-puberty-and-sexual-maturity


1. Sell around 100 goats a year (100*4000=4,00,000)



Cover crop:


A crop which is used for organic manure.

This crop should grow until small fruits are appearing.

Then the crop should be destroyed in the soil which will make it manure



Subsidy benefits

http://odisha.gov.in/govtpress/pdf/2013/1311.pdf
http://www.ecobrick.in/subsidies_available_for_settingup_a_brick_enterprise.aspx

Potting Mix Recipe

  • 1 part of good quality red soil/top soil
  • 1 part of cocopeat/peat moss
  • 1 part of compost (Vermicompost/manure)

 For every 15 litres of the above mix, add 200 grams of bone meal, and 200 grams of oil cake and 200 grams of wood ash. Thoroughly mix them. Once the mixture is uniformly mixed, put it in a sack or a big container , cover it and leave it for a good 3 weeks time. Ensure that the mix is little moist. It should not drip when you squeeze it in your palm. After 2-3 weeks, the potting mix is ready for use.

Nitrogen: provided abundantly by leguminous cover crops, composted manure, fish fertilizer or alfalfa meal. 


Phosphorus: rock phosphate and bone meal are both good sources.  Chicken manure


Potassium: kelp meal or greensand are long-lasting potassium releasers.  wood ash


Calcium: Egg shell powder


Magnesium: epsom salts will raise magnesium without affecting pH, while dolomitic lime will raise both pH and magnesium.


Sulfur: generally required only in alkaline soil.  Adding sulfur will slowly lower pH through microbial action. – See more at:

http://learn.eartheasy.com/2014/04/3-useful-soil-mixes-for-planters-and-raised-beds/
http://www.the-open-mind.com/10-homemade-organic-pesticides/


Uses of cow dung

1. Fuel – cow dung patties (gootte) for cooking

2. Fertilizer – composting makes it even more powerful

3. Heat source – cow dung is naturally hot -compost makes hotter put in glass house to heat glass house or run pipes thru it to get hot water.

3. Purifier – natural antiseptic qualities

4. Floor coating – used mixed with mud and water on floors in mud houses. Improves water absorption of mud. Prevents muddy puddles resulting from spilt water.

5. Mud brick additive – improves resistance to disintegration

6. Skin tonic – mixed with crushed neem leaves smeared on skin – good for boils and heat rash (SP used it for heat rash in Mayapur.)

7. Smoke producer – smoldering cow patties keep away mosquitoes. Can also make smoked paneer over such smoke. Tastes great in pasta! /images/graemlins/smile.gif

Ash – from patties used in cooking. –

8. Pot cleaner – used dry absorbs oil and fat wet as a general cleaner

9. Brass polisher – tamarind removes oxidation – wet ashes polishes

10. Fertilizer – alkaline – cow dung ash is basically lime with a few other mineral mixed in

11. Mud additive – dries up slippery mud puddles

12. Mud brick additive – mud and lime (cow dung ashes) becomes like cement

13. Pond PH balancer – thrown into pond neutralizes acid.

14. Tooth polish –

15. Sun-dried organic recreational-aerodynamic-device -cow patty Frisbees /images/graemlins/wink.gif

16. Fan for fire – large cow patties can be used as make shift fans.

17. Deity worship – ingredient in panca gavya

Show casing the utility of cows and the power of Ayurveda, GEV also manufactures a whole range of lifestyle products which include :


Some products from baba Ramdev are below which are made from cow dung and other items.

Anrag powder

  • A 100% chemical free bathing powder
  • Effective against dandruff and other skin diseases
  • Works as a bleaching agent and toner face pack
  • Provides relief from bad odor and makes skin softer

Tooth Powder

  • 100% natural powder to protects teeth and gums
  • Keeps mouth fresh
  • Gives protection from all oral diseases

Balm

  • For relief of muscular aches, sprains and headaches
  • Also effective for itching and insect bites

Ghanvati

  • Health tablets made from Cow Urine
  • For relief from mental stress, skin diseases, liver
  • Problems, high blood pressure, bronchitis and cough

Pacanamrita

  • Effective for acidity, gastric troubles, indigestion & stomach aches

Hair Shampoo

  • Non-foaming chemical free shampoo
  • Eliminates dandruff
  • Prevents hair-loss and graying of hair
  • Gives a cool refreshing effect
  • Distilled cow urine
  • Increases the resistance of the body
  • Increases the life span & purifies the blood
  • Restores balance of the three-doshas
  • Reduces fat

Incense sticks

  • Soothing chemical free natural fragrance
  • Drives away mosquitoes
  • Used for pujas

Cow-dung-patties

  • Used for Yajnas and other fire sacrifices
  • A natural mosquito-repellent

I also take the egg shells and save them until I have a bowl full. Then I cook them in the microwave for 5 minutes on High and grind them up finely before feeding them back to the chickens. Never feed them egg shells that haven’t been pre-cooked and ground up finely as this can lead to egg eating, which is a habit that is almost impossible to break

Foods that are Poisonous or Toxic to Chickens

Chickens are not very bright, and if you feed these foods to chickens they will still eat them, so it is up to you to make sure that you are not feeding toxic food to chickens in your care. What Foods to Avoid when Feeding Chickens: 

1) apple seeds in great numbers
2) and stone fruit without the pips removed
3) raw potatoes or green potato skins
4) dry beans
5) dry peas
6) kidney beans
7) avocado skin and pits, although flesh is fine
8) mushrooms
9) raw eggs as it will encourage them to eat their own eggs
10) rhubarb leaves
11) citrus fruit
12) sugary cereals, candy or chocolate

60 Good Foods for Feeding Chickens

Hard boiled duck eggs are good protein source


cassava root – katha kanda

Cocoyams – Saru

Maize

Banana

1) beetroot tops
2) sweet corn; on the cob, frozen or canned
3) sunflower heads
4) spinach
5) cabbage
6) lettuce
7) chard
8) kale
9) broccoli
10 tomatoes
11) watermelon
12) raw and cooked pumpkin and seeds for worms
13) cooked potato peels and mashed potatoes
14) rocket
15) dandelion
16) comfrey; don’t believe what the FDA tell you, comfrey in small doses is fine
17) sorrel
18) wilted nettle leaves
19) cucumbers
20) cooked oats – make sure there is not too much salt in it
21) bananas without the peels
22) raisins
23) cooked noodles – again make sure there is not too much salt here
24) yogurt (plain)
25) sour milk that has clabbered
26) apples, quartered and seeds removed
27) chopped boiled egg
28) scrambled egg
29) cooked rice
30) cooked peas, corn, beans left over from the night before
31) cooked quinoa
32) radish tops
33) turnip tops
34) crickets and grasshoppers
35) meal worms
36) ripe tomatoes
37) parsley
38) sage
39) chopped up celery
40) pumpkin, zucchini and melon leaves
41) small amounts of canned cat food – great for protein if they are not able to get into the garden to pick up worms and grasshoppers
42) cooked or raw asparagus, although mine are not fond of it and some people avoid feeding altogether
43) beetroot
44) bread, in moderation. I only give them a slice of whole grain once in a blue moon
45) cauliflower
46) Brussels sprouts
47) carrots, raw and cooked. If given raw, grate in to small pieces
48) grapes, seedless only and raisins as a treat
49) melon
50) cooked oatmeal
51) cooked rice
52) cider vinegar
53) manuka honey for chicken health – use sparingly
54) raw peanuts, without salt and not cooked
55) feeding chickens meat scraps without fat is fine, bone meal, as well as cooked fish and shellfish
56) alfalfa
57) onions, particularly good for chickens health, especially the eyes, but may taint the eggs if overfed
58) kelp powder
59) charcoal
60) middlings, bran

Prepare a report on filtering cow dung to separate fibre and residue.

List down the utilisation of cow dung fibre

1. Cardboard

The residue paste can be used as 

1. clay additive

2. Use it for panchagavya

cow dung ash is basically lime with a few other mineral

Soil preparation

1. Add manures for nitrogen

2. Try composting

3. Chicken droppings

4. Rock powder

5. Cover crops

6. Cover with mulch

7. Restrict foot traffic

8. Use a tillage to deep mix the soil

9. Earthworms

10. Kitchen waste

11. bone meal

12. oil seed cakes

13. Sand (large partiles) 40%

14. Silt (medium sized particles) 40%

15. Clay (small particles) 20%

16. Peatmoss or cocopeat

17. Paddy straw

18. Leaves

19. Wood chips

20. Saw dust

21. Panchagavya

22. water

Mushroom Growing

100 pounds of sawdust, 50 pounds of one half to four inch wood chips, 40 pounds of bran, and 5 to 7 pounds of gypsum, moistened to 60 to 65% water and then sterilised.  

chop wheat, rye, oat, or rice straw into 1 to 4 inch lengths, then pasteurise it and inoculate.


mushrooms can be grown on newspaper, cardboard, books, corncobs, corntalks, peanut shells, tea leaves, coffee grounds


Put some insect killer machines in the farm which will reduce pest on plants and reduced diseases. Be careful if you are growing honey bees.


Dudura plant works as an insect repellent, which protects neighboring plants from insects.

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Author: satya